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Date/Report Number …..031511.PM811Y0.67 Item: VINTAGE ANTIQUE 1914-18 CYMA TRENCH WATCH W/GUARD & STRAP
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Description of item: VINTAGE 1914-18 CYMA SWISS TRENCH WATCH WITH PATENTED CHROME PLATED SHRAPNEL GUARD, LEATHER TRENCH STRAP MEASURING 34 X 42 MM WITH SWING WIRE LUGS. DIAL IS PORCELAIN WITH BLACK OUTLINE RED NUMERAL 12 BLACK OUTLINED WITH RAISED LUME NUMERALS 1-11 RED HOUR MILITARY TIME NUMERALS 13-24 SECONDS SUB-REGISTER WITH BLACK CHAPTER RING Features stem wind and set sub second power reserve 30h  f = 18000 A/h. CONDITION IS MINT

Estimated Retail Replacement Value $ 1350.00

Reports are supplied at the request of the customer and it is for the customer's exclusive use. Reports express an opinion of the time of the examination of the jewelry. This report is for customers use only for the following two purposes, indicating estimated retail replacement value to obtain insurance coverage, or for the purpose of providing geological information. goldsmith Works does not guarantee that the appraisal valuation will result in a sale at the price. Estimated retail replacement value is arrived after analyses of what the approximate high retail cash asking price is for labor, materials, and design. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction or warranty with regards to any item described in the report, since jewelry grading is not an exact science, this  report represent the best opinion of the company. GoldSmith Works is in no case responsible for differences that occur by repeated grading by other experts in the field and/or use of other standards, norms, methods or criteria other than those used by GoldSmith Works. GoldSmith Works is expressly held harmless by customers including, but with out limitation for any claims or actions that may arise out of negligence in connection with the preparation of this laboratory report, or actions based upon the customer's use of the report. The information on the carat weight, clarity grade, color grade on the report is approximate due to the limitations in jewelry grading. The item was tested, graded, and examined under 10x magnification using the techniques and equipment available to GoldSmith Works, including fully corrected triplet loupe, binocular microscope, master color comparison guides, diamond color comparison tools, electronic carat balance, non-contact optical measuring device, and ancillary instruments necessary at the time of Exam


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The GREAT WAR

World War I (W.W.I) or First World War (called at the time the Great War) was a major war centered on Europe that began in the summer of 1914. The fighting ended in November 1918. This conflict involved all of the world's great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (centered around the Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. More than 9 million combatants were killed, due largely to great technological advances in firepower without corresponding advances in mobility. It was the second deadliest conflict in Western history.

TRENCH WARFARE

Trench warfare is where combatants occupy fighting lines consisting of fortified trenches. Trenches provided protection from small arms fire and, in most conditions, sheltered soldiers from artillery. Elaborate trenches and dugout systems were built by all sides and these were from assault by barbed wire. Though trenches were built to protect soldiers, life in the trench, with mud, rats, human waste and casualties, gas attacked and sustained artillery, was sheer hell. 

THE TRENCH WATCH

The Trench watch or wristlet was a type of watch that came into use by the military during World War I, as pocket watches were not practical in combat. The trench watch had to be rugged. Yet trench watches were actually pocket watch conversions, with most having a clam shell back and snap on bezel. The introduction of SHIELDS or SHRAPNEL GUARDS were introduced to protect the crystal of watches from damage due to life in a trench and not from artillery. It protected  the crystal from accidental breakage.

The first series of military wrist watches were produced in 1880 by Girard-Perregaux for the German Navy. During the GREAT WAR numerous companies produced wrist watches for the military and for direct sale to soldiers. Most of these watches were styled similarly.

They had white or black enamel dials, outlined contrasting color wide "RAILROAD" style numerals in a variety of luminance styles or simply black outlined. Some had an inner military time (13-24) ring and some had the number "12" painted or lumed. Many of these watches did not have their movements signed with the name of the manufacturer, though most were marked "Swiss".

CYMA

CYMA watch company began producing watches in 1862. In 1914, CYMA began producing TRENCH WATCHES for Government Military Organizations, as well as for individual soldiers. CYMA watches from the period of 1914 through 1918 can be found in most countries. From the US to TURKEY to Europe. By 1921, CYMA had the largest production facilities in Europe and employed 2,500 people . And by the 1930's, CYMA geared up for the coming was (W.W.II) and began producing Military Watches again; both for Goverment Issue as well as for the individual soldier.

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