1175 Buford Highway. Suite 120
Suwanee, Georgia. 30024
www.goldsmithworks.com
770.831.1257 - 1.800.438.6894

Date/Report Number …..011313.FN21HY.04 Item:  WWI-1919-DRIVERS AIRCORP-MILITARY-- REVERSE/INVERTED-DIAL-POCKET/CAR/PLANE-WATCH
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Description of item: VINTAGE WWI-1919-DRIVERS-AIRCORP-MILITARY--REVERSE/
INVERTED-DIAL-POCKET/CAR/PLANE-WATCH

.Estimated Retail Replacement Value $695.00


Reports are supplied at the request of the customer and it is for the customer's exclusive use. Reports express an opinion of the time of the examination of the jewelry. This report is for customers use only for the following two purposes, indicating estimated retail replacement value to obtain insurance coverage, or for the purpose of providing geological information. goldsmith Works does not guarantee that the appraisal valuation will result in a sale at the price. Estimated retail replacement value is arrived after analyses of what the approximate high retail cash asking price is for labor, materials, and design. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction or warranty with regards to any item described in the report, since jewelry grading is not an exact science, this  report represent the best opinion of the company. GoldSmith Works is in no case responsible for differences that occur by repeated grading by other experts in the field and/or use of other standards, norms, methods or criteria other than those used by GoldSmith Works. GoldSmith Works is expressly held harmless by customers including, but with out limitation for any claims or actions that may arise out of negligence in connection with the preparation of this laboratory report, or actions based upon the customer's use of the report. The information on the carat weight, clarity grade, color grade on the report is approximate due to the limitations in jewelry grading. The item was tested, graded, and examined under 10x magnification using the techniques and equipment available to GoldSmith Works, including fully corrected triplet loupe, binocular microscope, master color comparison guides, diamond color comparison tools, electronic carat balance, non-contact optical measuring device, and ancillary instruments necessary at the time of Exam

 

 

 

WWI-1919-DRIVERS-AIRCORP-MILITARY--REVERSE/
INVERTED-DIAL-POCKET/CAR/PLANE-WATCH

INVERTED dials were originally developed to enable owners of cars, trucks and airplanes/areoplanes to convert pocket watches into dash clocks.

The inverted dial positioned the winding stem at the bottom, making is convenient to wind, and to some what  protect the watch from soil, dirt water.

Those watches with sub-seconds would mean the register would be at the top making it easier to view more precisely and time more precisely.

By 1908, speedometer companies were producing and marketing clocks as after-market accessories.

In 1911 the first dash board Chronograph was patented by Heuer. It had it's crown UP.

Between In 1912- 1925, Phinney-Walker and Waltham made available car clocks that wound from the front rim of the clock and eight day clocks. with winding from bottom. [ Jaeger & Waltham made eight day watches with inverted dials].

USAGE
During its day, the reverse/inverted dial was popular among military personal, private drivers, pilots, race car drivers, and many others who required an easy access dash mounted watch/clock device .

MILITARY
I have seen WWI photos of men wearing ELGIN reverse/inverted dial pocket watches on LANYARDS around their necks. And I have overhauled several ELGIN 15j inverted dial pocket watches with long loop-over-loop leather "belt fob"s. I have worked on some Japanese and German inverted dial military pocket watches; including two Japanese ELGINS! And Waltham was extremely popular in Japan since 1914.

AIRCRAFT
Following World War I, the United States was swamped with aviators who invested in war-surplus aircraft. These flyers earned income with barnstorming campaigns and by performing aerobatic maneuvers at events. Many of these flyers would EVENTUALLY join various commercial ventures.

In 1918, the United States Postal Service received financing from Congress to begin experimenting with air mail service using Curtiss Jenny aircraft procured by the United States Army Air Service. And in 1919 Chalk's International Airlines began a service between Miami and Bimini in the Bahamas.

CONCLUSION
THIS BEAUTY IS A DATED 1925/1926 WALTHAM 8 DAY CLOCK WITH INVERTED  ILLUMINATED DIAL.  

THIS WALTHAM HAS A SCREW DOWN BEZEL AND SNAP BACK CASE.

A NEW GLASS CRYSTAL AND AWESOME RE-ILLUMINATED DIAL AND HANDS ARE LIKE THEY WERE.

THE OVERHAULED AND SERVICED MOVEMENT WINDS RUNS AND KEEPS TIME.

THE CASE RESTORATION IS WONDERFUL.

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AWESOME
MILITARY 24 HR DIAL
WITH
RAISED ILLUMINATED  NUMERALS

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

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DIAL FINISH IS THE ORIGINAL FINISH

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ORIGINAL
RE-ILLUMINATED MILITARY STYLE
CATHEDRAL HANDS

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

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WOW

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

 

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CASE IS IN
EXTREME FANTASTIC
CONDITION

 

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CASE BACK SUPER

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NOTICE THE SLOT BETWEEN
THE SNAP ON CASE BACK
AND
THE SCREW DOWN BEZEL

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A BETTER PICTURE OF THE GROOVE

 

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NEW ORIGINAL GLASS CRYSTAL

 

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RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-Luminova

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SOME RESTORE PICS

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THERE IS A CHANNEL BETWEEN THE  SCREW DOWN BEZEL
AND CASE BACK. THIS WAS USED FOR ATTACHING WATCH TO DASH OF
CAR, TRUCK, AIRPLANE OR BOAT. I USED THE CHANNEL TO FIT A 6 GRAM SILVER WIRE
TO ATTACH TO MILITARY WATCH BOX. THOUGH A MOUNT COULD BE FABRICATED
IF YOU WANTED TO MOUNT TO VINTAGE CAR, TRUCK, PLANE OR BOAT.

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HERE MOST OF THE OLD RADIUM WAS REMOVED

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HERE NEW LUMINOVA IS ADDED

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-Luminova

 

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AFTER NEW LUMINOVA IS ADDED
A STRAIGHT EDGE RAZOR IS USED
TO FINALIZE THE FINISH

 

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HERE NEW LUMINOVA IS ADDED

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-Luminova

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HERE THE CASE
MINUS MOVEMENT & CRYSTAL
WILL BE HAND DETAILED
AND THEN
ELECTRO CLEANED

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ELECTRO CLEANED

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CLEANED AND READY
FOR BUFFING

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AFTER BUFFING

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MOVEMENT COMPLETED

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25 MIL SERIAL  PLACES
THIS 8 DAY IN 1925 - 1926

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THERE ARE TWO
HUGE MAINSPRING BARRELS
THEY BOTH TURN INTO CENTER
AND OUPUT FROM CENTER

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DIAL MOUNTED
THEN MOVEMENT
PLACED IN CASE

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FLUSH TO CASE

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THREE SCREWS LOCK IT IN

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CASE BACK ON

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NEW OLD GLASS CRYSTAL

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CRYSTAL MOUNTED
ON
SCREW DOWN BEZEL

 

STEEL WIRE PLACED TO SHOW MOUNTING CHANNEL

 

HEAVY PURE SILVER WIRE FOR
FABRICATING HOLD DOWN

 

ROCKS FABRICATION STATION

 

WIRE CUT INTO PIECES AND WELDED

 

WELD IS PERFECT

 

LOCK DOWN COMPLETED

 

PICKELED & POLISHED

 

FITTED TO CHANNEL

 

PERFECT

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CONDITION WATCH:
MINTY CONDITION -  RUNS, SETS, WINDS EXCELLENT