|Date/Report Number ..011313.FN21HY.04 Item: WWII HELL ON WHEELS WITTNAUER ARTILLERY TIMER|
|Description of item: VINTAGE WWII HELL ON WHEELS WITTNAUER ARTILLERY TIMER
WITH LEATHER FOB
.Estimated Retail Replacement Value $499.00
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A prime focus in 1927 were Aviation watches WITTNAUER and LONGINES both worked with a U.S. Navy officer named Philip Van Horn Weems, whose design for a Second Setting Watch included an inner, rotating dial. The aviator would move the dial until he heard a time-tone on his radio, thus capturing any deviations from Greenwich Civil Time.
Another influence on Wittnauer timepieces of this era was Wittnauer watchmaker John Heinmuller, who was the official timekeeper of the U.S. National Aeronautical Association and became one of the country√Ę‚¨‚Ęs leading authorities on U.S. air mail stamps. Because of all this attention to navigation wristwatches and devices, Clarence D. Chamberlin and Charles A. Levine used Wittnauer chronometers for their 1927 Trans-Atlantic flight and Charles Collyer and John Henry Mears used two Wittnauers in 1928 when they famously raced the moon around the earth√Ę‚¨‚?they did it in 24 days, beating the moon by 72 hours. Howard Hughes wore Wittnauers in the 1930s/ The depression was the cause of the sale in 1936.
Longines-Wittnauer provided Wittnauer with contracts for Weems wristwatches, as well as compasses and timers, during World War II.
THIS PARTICULAR GRIDIRON WITTNAUER WAS DEVELOPED AS A SPORTS TIMER WHEN WWII BROKE OUT. WITTNAUER WOULD HAVE OVER 500,000 TIMERS, WATCHES, COMPASSES AND OTHER TIMING DEVICES BEING UTILIZED BY US FORCES --NOTE: BRITISH & OTHER FORCES ALSO UTILIZED WITTNAUER PRODUCTS. THIS PARTICULAR WITTY HAS PROVIDENCE. IT IS LOADED FOR BEAR WITH TRENCH ART: FROM THE THE RIM TO THE CASE BACK ARE INSCRIPTIONS AND DATES. AND THEN THERE IS THE CREST.DI FOR THE 2ND ARMORED DIVISION!
THE WITTNAUER GRIDIRON WAS USED FOR ARTILLERY, TANK
AND OTHER IMPORTANT
BATTLEFIELD EVENT TIMING, THE 2ND AND 3RD DIVISIONS ARE REFERENCED IN AND ON THIS TIMER. THE 2nd AND 3rd BATTALIONS OF THE REGIMENT PROVIDED THE HEAVY ARMOR PUNCH OF THE 2ND ARMORED DIVISION
The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army. The division played an important role during World War II in the invasions of North Africa and Sicily and the liberation of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands and the invasion of Germany. During the Cold War, the division was primarily based at Fort Hood, Texas, and had a reinforced brigade forward stationed in West Germany. After participation in the Persian Gulf War, the division was inactivated in 1995.
Active 1940-1995, Branch United States Army, Type Division, Role Armored warfare, Size Division, Part of Armor Branch, Nickname Hell On Wheels, Engagements World War II -Vietnam War -Gulf War
THE CROWN WINDS THE MAINSPRING. CLICK ONCE TO START, CLICK AGAIN TO STOP TO READ, CLICK AGAIN TO RETURN COUNTERS TO POSITION. THIS GRIDIRON HAS THE GALLET AND CO PATENTED SLIDE. WHICH WOULD SHUT THE WATCH TO LOCK POSITION. RENDERING THE CROWN USELESS UNTIL THE SLIDE WAS PUSHED.
THE CASE HAS A DOUBLE HINGED BACK. INNER SEAL AND OUTER SEAL
THE MOVEMENT HAS SEVEN JEWELS AND IS SIGNED
THIS TIMER HAS REFERENCES TO BOTH THE 2ND AND 3RD DIVISIONS. THE CASE BACK HAS A DI WITH THE THIRD'S MOTTO "HELL ON WHEELS. THE INCLUDED 3RD DIVISION CHALLENGE COIN IS FROM DESERT STORM.
CHALLENGE COIN INCLUDED
The 3rd -aka "Third Herd"- and the 2nd -aka "Hell on Wheels"- were armored Division of the United States Army organized as "heavy" armored divisions.
As a "heavy" division, they possessed two armored regiments. The 3rd division's core units were the 36th Armored Infantry Regiment, the 32nd Armored Regiment, the 33rd Armored
Regiment, the 23rd Armored Engineer Battalion, the 83rd Armored Reconnaissance Battalion, and the 143rd Armored Signal Company.
As with most American divisions in World War II, they suffered heavy casualties, and by the end of the war, replacement troops often outnumbered veterans in the line units.
HHC, 2nd Brigade
3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment
4th Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment
4th Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment]
In response to the changing cold war scenario, 3AD was instructed to begin selective standing down of various Division elements during the summer of 1990. Some units, for
example 3-5 ADA Battalion had turned in equipment or cross-leveled with other 3AD units by August 1990, when momentous events in the Middle East developed. That month, Iraq
invaded Kuwait, and soon after, President George H. W. Bush committed U.S. troops to the theater, first to defend Saudi Arabia, and then to eject Iraqi troops from Kuwait.
Deployment of advance elements of 3AD began in December, with the remaining deploying units arriving by January. Units that had drawn down were replaced or augmented back to
full strength. As an example, 3-5 ADA was replaced by the 8th Infantry Division's 5-3 ADA Battalion. Other units were attached to 3AD to bring it up to, and even beyond, full
The Third Herd was first activated in 1941, and was active in the European Theater of World War II. The division was stationed in West Germany for much of the Cold War, and
participated in the Persian Gulf War.
On 17 January 1992 in Germany, the division ceased operations; in October 1992 it was formally deactivated as part of a general drawing down of forces at the end of the Cold
TIMER WINDS RUNS SETS & RESETS