..09-29-015-982 RK Item: 1940-1945 FREE FRENCH FORCES LEONIDAS
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TRUE STORY AND FACTS ABOUT D-DAY AND THE FREE FRENCH/FRENCH RESISTANCE & THE EVENTS DATING FROM JUNE 5 1944 TO JUNE 28 1944
ON THE EVENING OF THE 5TH OF JUNE, 1944, BBCS RADIO BROADCAST A PERSONAL MESSAGE IN FRENCH THAT SAID I WILL BRING THE EGLANTINE . RESISTANT LEADERS ALL OVER NORTHERN FRANCE HAD HEARD THE KEY WORDS
THEN FOR AN HOUR 300 FURTHER MESSAGES WERE BROADCAST . CODED TO INFORM THOSE IN THE KNOW THAT CERTAIN OPERATIONS WERE GREEN LIGHTED.
OPERATION TORTUE CALLED FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF BRIDGES AND HIGHWAYS. OPERATION BLEU THE DISRUPTION OF THE ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SYSTEM AND OPERATION VILOLET , THE CUTTING OF TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH LINES.
TEAMS BEGAN TO TRAVEL SO THEY COULD INFORM ON GERMAN POSITIONS AND UNITS, OTHERS WERE SENT TO SABOTAGE RAIL SYSTEMS. ..,
THE FACTS ABOUT THE MESSAGES THAT WERE BROADCAST TO BEGIN MISSIONS HAD THEIR BEGINNING WITH THE FREE FRENCH FORCES LEADER DE GAUL.
90 DAYS EARLIER IN MARCH OF 1944 DE GAUL HAD UNIFIED OVER 200 INDIVIDUAL FRENCH RESISTANT GROUPS. HE AND HIS FREE FRENCH FORCES WITH ALLIED SUPPORT THEN PROVIDED NEARLY 90 DAYS OF SPECIAL TRAINING.
THE ALLIES, DURING THIS TIME, IN 1665 MISSIONS, DROPPED OVER 7 TONS OF ARMS AND SUPPLIES.
31 X 36 MM
LEONIDAS WATCH CO. WAS FOUNDED IN 1841 AT ST. IMIER BY JULIEN BOURQUIN. LEONIDAS SPECIALIZED IN HIGH QUALITY COMPLICATED WATCHES INCLUDING MOON PHASE, TRIPLE CALENDAR, CHRONOGRAPHS AND EXCEPTIONAL MILITARY WATCHES; WHICH INCLUDED WRIST & POCKET WATCHES, ARTILLERY-BOMBER TIMERS AND AIRPLANE DASH WATCHES.
LEONIDAS WAS A MAIN SUPPLIER FOR THE GERMAN MILITARY.
WRIST WATCHES WITH EMBLEMS ENGRAVINGS AND TRENCH ART WERE COMMON AND STANDARD FARE.
LEONIDAS MADE THE 1940' AEREONAUTICA LEONIDAS DASH PANEL WATCH FOR MOUNTING ON GERMAN AIRPLANE DASH PANELS.
THE GERMAN NAVY (Kriegsmarine) UTILIZED LEONIDAS ARTILLERY TIMERS.
MANY OF THE LEONIDAS WATCHES MADE FOR THE GERMANS WERE MADE IN THE 1930'.
WITH THE OUT BREAK OF WAR, THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT, SEEKING QUALITY WATCHES, INVESTED IN LEONIDAS POCKET WATCHES. THEY WERE MAINLY UTILIZED AS DECK WATCHES
FRENCH MILITARY & FREE FRENCH FORCE
FREE FRENCH WWII
France, along with the United Kingdom, was one of the first participants in World War II after declaring war on Germany following its invasion of Poland in 1939. After the Phoney War from 1939 to 1940, the Germans conducted a brilliant campaign in the Low Countries and, in the Battle of France, managed to inflict defeat on the Allied forces. France formally surrendered to Germany and Italywho invaded in late campaignon 25 June 1940, and a collaborationist government, the French State, was established. On 18 June 1940, as an answer to Pétains own June 17 appeal to cease the fight and to obey him on the French national radio, Charles de Gaulle gave a memorable speech to the French people on the English speaking London emitting BBC Radio, telling them that France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war (the battle of France and World War II respectively). De Gaulle did not recognize the legitimacy of the Vichy government and went on to found the Free France (La France Libre) as the true government of France.
IT TOOK TWO LEONIDAS MOVEMENTS TO MAKE ONE.
FOR WWII THE SIZE IS NICE
31 X 39
THE FRENCH MILITARY & FREE FRENCH FORCE
France and the United Kingdom were the first to declare war after Germany invaded Poland in 1939. In a lightening, successful campaign from the Low Countries to the Battle of France, Germany inflicted defeat on the Allied forces [FRANCE-BRITIAN-BELGIUM].
France surrendered in June of 1940 and formed a collaborating government headed by PĂ©tain titled The French State and known as the Vichy government.
Right after the French Government surrender,PĂ©tain went on French National Radio to appeal to units still battling the Germans to obey him and cease the fight.
Within days of PĂtains speech, Charles de Gaulle, a French officer who would become a Free French Brigadier General and then French President after the war, with the backing of Winston Churchhill, gave what would become a historical speech to the French people on BBC Radio. De Gaulle focused on bolstering French pride by informing his fellow citizens that France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war.
Once again, with backing of Winston Churchill, he formed both the Free France Government (La France Libre) and the Free French Forces [NOTE: PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AND STALIN DID NOT HAVE ANY CONFIDENCE IN NOR DID THEY BACK DE GAUL- YET DE GAUL WOULD TRYUMPH.]
The Free French forces included soldiers rescued from Dunkirk as well as units of the Foreign Legion. Free French Generals recruited additional Free French forces from the French Colonial Empire. They chose French Nationals & Natives from tropical African colonies. French Algeria and Moroco supplied men from their native populations. Senegal in French West Africa provided conscripts. Even Tahitians were recruited and served with distinction.
With Allied success in the French Colonial strong-hold of North Africa, the Free French troop strength grew. De Gaulle rallied of the Army of Africa and pursued the fight against the Axis in multiple campaigns until the Free French Forces would have the opportunity to participate in the invasion of Italy and assist in the occupation of France and Germany.
In fact, the battles fought during WWII in Italy included *120,000 French Colonial Forces that made history and were, in many cases, the major difference in the defeat of the Germans in Italy. 1/4 of the forces died or were injured, 2000 went missing in action. .
Capitaine de corvette Thierry dArgenlieu
Georges Thierry dArgenlieu was a priest, diplomat and French Navy officer and important co-founder and leader in the Free French Goverment & Forces. Eventually he became an admiral in charge of French Colonial Administration in Indochina.
It was Georges Thierry dArgenlieu who suggested the adoption of the Cross of Lorraine as a symbol of the Free French, both to recall the perseverance of Joan of Arc, whose symbol it had been, and as an answer to the Nazi swastika.
In July 1940, Vice Admiral Ămile Muselier, chief of the naval and air forces of the Free French, created the bow flag displaying the French colors with a red cross of Lorraine, and a cockade, which also featured the cross of Lorraine
On 23 October 1944, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union officially recognized De Gaulles Free French as the provisional government of France; which would become the Fourth Republic in 1946.
The French, both free and collaborating, had 1,250,000 troops in 10 divisions when the war ended in May of 1945. During the course of the war, French military losses totaled 212,000 dead, of which 92,000 were killed through the end of the EUROPEAN campaign of 1940, 58,000 from 1940 to 1945 in other campaigns, 24,000 lost while serving in the French resistance, and a further *38,000 lost while serving with the German Army.
To settle disputes over the Free French heritage, the French government issued an official definition of the term. Under this ministerial instruction of July 1953 (instruction ministĂ©rielle du 29 juillet 1953), only those who served with the Allies after the Franco-German armistice in 1940 and before 1 August 1943 may correctly be called Free French.
French forces after July 1943 are therefore correctly designated as the forces of Liberation. This article also includes the activities of French forces after 1942, in order to maintain continuity.
THE CASE IS SUBSTANTIAL BOLD AND WAS WELL CARED
HANDS ALSO DETAILED AND RE-ILLUMINATED
I COMPLETED 4 WATCHES TODAY
SCREW BACK CASE