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Suwanee, Georgia. 30024
www.goldsmithworks.com
770.831.1257 - 1.800.438.6894

Date/Report Number …..051212R5BY.04 Item:  VINTAGE- 1918-RADIUM-DIALED-LEONARD- WRIST-WWI-MILITARY-WATCH-AND-STRAP
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Description of item: VINTAGE 1916 -1918 RADIUM DIALED LEONARD WRIST WW I MILITARY
WATCH WITH PATENTED PIN-LEVER MOVEMENT AND  1915 - 1920 WWI ERA VINTAGE LEATHER   MILITARY TRENCH STRAP

.Estimated Retail Replacement Value $
459.00

Reports are supplied at the request of the customer and it is for the customer's exclusive use. Reports express an opinion of the time of the examination of the jewelry. This report is for customers use only for the following two purposes, indicating estimated retail replacement value to obtain insurance coverage, or for the purpose of providing geological information. goldsmith Works does not guarantee that the appraisal valuation will result in a sale at the price. Estimated retail replacement value is arrived after analyses of what the approximate high retail cash asking price is for labor, materials, and design. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction or warranty with regards to any item described in the report, since jewelry grading is not an exact science, this  report represent the best opinion of the company. GoldSmith Works is in no case responsible for differences that occur by repeated grading by other experts in the field and/or use of other standards, norms, methods or criteria other than those used by GoldSmith Works. GoldSmith Works is expressly held harmless by customers including, but with out limitation for any claims or actions that may arise out of negligence in connection with the preparation of this laboratory report, or actions based upon the customer's use of the report. The information on the carat weight, clarity grade, color grade on the report is approximate due to the limitations in jewelry grading. The item was tested, graded, and examined under 10x magnification using the techniques and equipment available to GoldSmith Works, including fully corrected triplet loupe, binocular microscope, master color comparison guides, diamond color comparison tools, electronic carat balance, non-contact optical measuring device, and ancillary instruments necessary at the time of Exam

 


1916 -1918
RADIUM DIALED
LEONARD
WRIST
WW I
MILITARY
WATCH

WITH

PATENTED
PIN-LEVER MOVEMENT

AND

1915 - 1920
WWI ERA
VINTAGE LEATHER
MILITARY TRENCH STRAP

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The GREAT WAR

World War I (W.W.I) or First World War (called at the time the Great War) was a major war centered on Europe that began in the summer of 1914. The fighting ended in November 1918. This conflict involved all of the world's great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (centered around the Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. More than 9 million combatants were killed, due largely to great technological advances in firepower without corresponding advances in mobility. It was the second deadliest conflict in Western history.

TRENCH WARFARE

Trench warfare is where combatants occupy fighting lines consisting of fortified trenches. Trenches provided protection from small arms fire and, in most conditions, sheltered soldiers from artillery. Elaborate trenches and dugout systems were built by all sides and these were from assault by barbed wire. Though trenches were built to protect soldiers, life in the trench, with mud, rats, human waste and casualties, gas attacked and sustained artillery, was sheer hell. 

THE TRENCH WATCH

The Trench watch or wristlet was a type of watch that came into use by the military during World War I, as pocket watches were not practical in combat. The trench watch had to be rugged. Yet trench watches were actually pocket watch conversions, with most having a clam shell back and snap on bezel. The introduction of SHIELDS or SHRAPNEL GUARDS were introduced to protect the crystal of watches from damage due to life in a trench and not from artillery. It protected  the crystal from accidental breakage.

The first series of military wrist watches were produced in 1880 by Girard-Perregaux for the German Navy. During the GREAT WAR numerous companies produced wrist watches for the military and for direct sale to soldiers. Most of these watches were styled similarly.

They had white or black enamel dials, outlined contrasting color wide "RAILROAD" style numerals in a variety of luminance styles or simply black outlined. Some had an inner military time (13-24) ring and some had the number "12" painted or lumed. Many of these watches did not have their movements signed with the name of the manufacturer, though most were marked "Swiss".

 

THE POOR MANS PIN-LEVER TRENCH WATCH

Small pocket watches were designed with full radium dials and inexpensive pin-lever movements. Ingersoll Watch company uwas one of the most prolific produers of pin lever time pieces. by the end of WW they had produced 50 million units. The pin-lever kept excellent time, but when they quit they quit. It was cheaper to simply replace them. There are few fine examples of pin-lever watches that served their masters well in the trenhes of France during WWI. But they were popular and millions were purchased  by soldiers from just about every country that was involved.

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NOTE
THIS AN ANTIQUE  COLLECTORS WRIST WATCHIS NOT A WEAR EVERY DAY OR PRIMARY WATCH

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THIS LEONARD WRIST IS A FINE
LIVING EXAMPLE OF THOSE WORN IN WWI

THIS IS A COLLECTORS ANTIQUE WATCH
WE DO NOT RECOMMEND INVESTING
FOR DAILY WEAR
OR
AS YOUR PRIMARY
WRIST WATCH

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FACTORY WIRE LUGS
A THREE PIECE SNAP ON
*CHROME PLATED BRASS CASE
LARGE ONION CROWN
GLASS CRYSTAL
AND
** METAL SHRAPNEL GUARD

 

* NOTE: BRASS CASES WERE RATHER RARE. USUALLY THEY WERE COMPOSED OF PLATED WHITE BASE METALS

** NOTE: THE SHRAPNEL GUARD WAS NOT TO PROTECT FROM SHRAPNEL, RATHER THE PROTECTION WAS FOR PROTECTING THE GLASS CRYSTAL AGAINTS MUD, DIRT AND KNOCKING AGAINST OBJECTS.

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DIALS BACK THEN
HAD A HEFTY AMOUNT OF RADIUM
PILED ON UP-TO 1/8 INCH HEIGHT
IT IS NOT UNCOMMON TO DISCOVER
A SURVIVING DIAL
BURNT FROM SITTING
WITHOUT WINDING

THIS LEONARD SHOWS SOME RADIUM
HAS FALLEN OFF HANDS AND
THE RADIUM HAS LOST ITS GLOW
WE TRY NOT TO RELUME THESE AWESOME DIALS
DUE TO THE FACT THE MOST BEAUTIFUL
ASPECT OF THESE DIALS IS THE
ORANGE RUST COLOR OF THE
DEPLETED RADIUM


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PATENTED CHROME
PLATED SHRAPNEL GUARDS

 

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THIS SHRAPNEL GUARD WAS
ACTUALLY MADE FOR THIS CASE

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I RECALL HOW MANY OF THESE
GUARDS I SAW OVER THE  YEARS
AND WONDERED WHAT WATCH THEY
WERE MADE FOR?
WELL, THIS IS THE TYPE & KIND OF
WATCH THAT THEY WERE MADE FOR

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YES, LIKE THE WATCH, IT IS ORIGINAL
AND AS  OLD AS THE WATCH. 

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HERE SHE IS
PERFECT FIT
I MEAN PERFECT
NOT ONLY THAT
THE LOOK AND THE VISUALS
ARE ALSO PERFECT

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THE WATCH NOW TURNS
FROM AN ORDINARY
PIN LEVER WATCH
TO
A SOLDIERS INEXPENSIVE
MILITARY WATCH

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YES
YOU CAN READ THE DIAL WITH
EASE FROM ANY ANGLE

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IF YOU RECALL
I HAD OFFERED THIS STRAP
WITH THE LAST TRENCH WATCH
OFFER.

I HAD TWO STRAPS
TO CHOOSE FROM

I AM HAPPY THAT THE OTHER
BLACK TRENCH STRAP
WAS REQUESTED BECAUSE
THIS WWI ERA STRAP
WITH GENUINE

[WE INSTALLED THEM ON THE STRAP A MONTH AGO]

WWI
BRASS
ARTILLARY & CALVARY
BADGE BUTTIONS
FITS THIS WATCH PERFECTLY

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TELL ME THIS IS NOT AWESOME
LOOK AT IT!

NOW, THIS BABY RUNS FANTASTIC
TODAY SHE KEPT NEAR PERFECT TIME FOR 23 HOURS

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HERE SHE IS WITH
CALVARY & ARTILLERY
BADGES

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WE PLACED A NEW
STEEL BUCKLE
ON THIS STRAP
DUE TO FACT THE ORIGINAL
WAS GONE

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I LUV THE LOOK

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I TRIED A GENUINE 1915-1925
  LEATHER STRAP THAT WAS
USED FOR THE SMALL WIDTH WIRE LUGS
BUT IT SIMPLY LOOKED LACKING
  ESPECIALLY WITH
THE HEFTY CASE
AND
SHRAPNEL GUARD

BUT YOU CAN SEE THAT THE CASE IS PRETTY SUBSTANTIAL

 

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ON THE BACK LEFT

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THIS MOVEMENT HAS
A SERIES OF PATENTS
1907 THROUGH 1916

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HAIR SPRING WAS REPLACED
YOU CAN SEE IT IS NOT RUSTED
A PROBLEM WITH MANY ANTIQUE
PIN LEVER MOVEMENTS


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THIS PICTURE SHOWS SOME FACTS
MOST PIN LEVER MOVEMENTS
WERE BRASSY COLORED
THIS ONE IS A RARE PLATED AND FINISHED
PIN LEVER MOVEMENT

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CONDITION
- EXCELLENT- 
WATCH WINDS SETS & KEEPS TIME

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