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770.831.1257 - 1.800.438.6894

Date/Report Number …..060113.FN21HY.04 Item:  WWII BRITISH HELVETIA MILITARY POCKET WATCH BOX
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Description of item: VINTAGE WWII BRITISH HELVETIA MILITARY POCKET WATCH BOX, WWII SICILY MILITARY BRITISH SOLDIERS PHOTO AND LETTER OPENED CELEBRATING FIELD MARSHALL MONTGOMERY

.Estimated Retail Replacement Value $850.00


Reports are supplied at the request of the customer and it is for the customer's exclusive use. Reports express an opinion of the time of the examination of the jewelry. This report is for customers use only for the following two purposes, indicating estimated retail replacement value to obtain insurance coverage, or for the purpose of providing geological information. goldsmith Works does not guarantee that the appraisal valuation will result in a sale at the price. Estimated retail replacement value is arrived after analyses of what the approximate high retail cash asking price is for labor, materials, and design. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction or warranty with regards to any item described in the report, since jewelry grading is not an exact science, this  report represent the best opinion of the company. GoldSmith Works is in no case responsible for differences that occur by repeated grading by other experts in the field and/or use of other standards, norms, methods or criteria other than those used by GoldSmith Works. GoldSmith Works is expressly held harmless by customers including, but with out limitation for any claims or actions that may arise out of negligence in connection with the preparation of this laboratory report, or actions based upon the customer's use of the report. The information on the carat weight, clarity grade, color grade on the report is approximate due to the limitations in jewelry grading. The item was tested, graded, and examined under 10x magnification using the techniques and equipment available to GoldSmith Works, including fully corrected triplet loupe, binocular microscope, master color comparison guides, diamond color comparison tools, electronic carat balance, non-contact optical measuring device, and ancillary instruments necessary at the time of Exam

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VINTAGE
WWII
BRITISH
HELVETIA
MILITARY POCKET WATCH

CELEBRATING
FIELD MARSHALL
MONTGOMERY


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HELVETIA SCREW CASE GSTP
RADIUM DIAL POCKET WATCH

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MONTY

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC; 17 November 1887 24 March 1976, nicknamed "Monty" and the "Spartan General", was a British Army officer who saw action in WWI where he was seriously wounded.

After the out break of WWII, while Britain was struggling by herself against the Germans, Italians, and near 24hr a day bombing, he was given the command of the Eighth Army. Through his leadership, even in the face of dwindling supplies, reinforcements. equipment, rations and ammunition, he would lead Britain ]and the allies] to victory from the Western Deserts of North Africa to final the final Allied victory in Tunisia. He would be responsible for the successful final Battle of El Alamein, the turning point in the Western Desert Campaign. Soon Sicily and Italy would come to know his name.

When the time came for the United States to turn her face to Europe and the Germans, "MONTY"  was chosen to be the top British commander during the planning the D-Day invasion in Normandy and then Supreme Commander General Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower chose "MONTY" to command the    Allied ground forces during Operation Overlord from the initial landings through the Battle of Normandy.

Monty would then assume command of the 21st Army Group in North West Europe through to his acceptance of the German surrender on 4 May 1945,   Luneburg Heath in northern Germany. After the war he became the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) in Germany and then Chief of the Imperial General Staff.

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GS/TP
HELVETIA
POCKET WATCH

LEATHER WATCH FOB

Helvetia, General Watch Co, Bienne, Reconvilier, Tramelan, Vienna 1880: Foundation of La Generale Watch Co / General Watch Co by the company Louis Brandt & Fils (Omega) for manufacturing cylinder watches and genuine Helvertia calibres with enhanced quality lever movements. 1885: Transfer of the trade mark Helvertia from Louis Brandt & Fils to the new La Generale Watch Co.

1968: Acquisition of the movement factory Helvetia SA in Reconvilier by the SGT (Societe des Garde-Temps SA). The watch factory Montres Helvetia SA in Bienne remained independent.

 

BRITISH MILITARY WATCHES

In 1939, with war on the horizon, the British War Department realized they required time pieces. With no plans and knowing that a shortage of watches would surely occur, they quickly purchased watches from numerous Swiss watch makers and retailers.Each watch had to have 15 jewels, luminous black or white dial, and subsidiary seconds dial. Most were snap backs though there were higher grades with screw backs.

Most of these pocket watches were titled "General Service" AND classified as "Temporary Pattern". Thus they were stamped "GSTP". These GSTP watches would become the work horse of the military. From Radio operators to drivers, they fulfilled the requirements of keeping time through out the war.

Note: at the conclusion of the hostilities, most of the watches purchased by the various Government Buyers were destroyed due to a deal with suppliers. The suppliers had sold these watches at a discount and they did not want the market flooded at the wars conclusion with "surplus military watches".

 

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BRITISH BRITISH
IMG_1911.JPG (190125 bytes) IMG_1912.JPG (208952 bytes)
BRITISH BRITISH
IMG_1913.JPG (212079 bytes) GSTP
GENERAL SERVICE
TEMPORARY PATTERN

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AWESOME HELVETIA GSTP POCKET WATCH

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SICILY OVERVIEW

The Allied invasion of Sicily, code named Operation Husky, was the first major ALLIED World War II campaign against Germany and Italy on Europe's Door Step. The Allies will take Sicily from the Axis (Italy and Nazi Germany) and then hit Italy.

In fact, it was the most important operation ever contemplated and enacted by the US and Britain in WWII. It was the first joint operation at hit-ler-s back yard and allowed the commanders to evaluate all aspects of the performance of the Allies working as one.

It was also a "learning success". While successful in taking Sicily with a large scale amphibious and airborne operation, followed by six weeks of land combat and launched the Italian Campaign, airborne maneuvers were an overall failures and, while the Allies gained the footing they required from which to jump off to Italy, the operation failed to block the Germans and Italians from retreating -with tanks, equipment and personal - to the Italian mainland where they regrouped and fought a determined holding pattern and before retreating towards Germany-- and, it almost cost all Airborne units --British included-- their very designation. 

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ORIGINAL PORCELAIN DIAL
NUMERALS RESTORED AND RE-ILLUMINATED

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Allied Supreme Commander, General Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower, was so upset, he stated:

NOT A BATTLEFIELD OPTION

"I do not believe in the airborne division. I believe that airborne troops should be reorganized in self-contained units, comprising infantry, artillery, and special services, all about the strength of a regimental combat team ... To employ at any time and place a whole division would require a dropping over such an extended area that I seriously doubt that a division commander could regain control and operate the scattered forces as one unit." General Eisenhower

General George Marshall and Field Marshal Montgomery argued that Airborne Troops were an option. This argument [and some "cash bets"] brought about the Knollwood Maneuver...

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LOOKS LIKE IT DID ORIGINALLY
THIS IS THE ORIGINAL
PORCELAIN DIAL
WITH NUMERALS
PAINTED AS THEY WERE
AND
ILLUMINATED
9 12 & 3
AS ORIGINAL

**RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

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Knollwood Maneuver

In December of 1943, after additional training following the Sicily jumps, a planned maneuver by the 11th Airborne [famous for their efforts in the Pacific, mainly the Philippines] Division as the attacking force, was assigned the objective of capturing Knollwood Army Auxiliary Airfield near Fort Bragg in North Carolina.

The Knollwood Maneuver took place on the night of 7 December 1943, with the 11th Airborne Division being airlifted to thirteen separate objectives by 200 C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft and 234 Waco CG-4A gliders. It was a total success.

The US 101st , the 82nd,  as well as the British 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions (1st Parachute Brigade), never knew how close they were to losing their elite status. It was the 11th who would be responsible for maintaining the status of PARATROOPERS.

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CASE FINISH IS ORIGINAL
ONLY ELECTRO-CLEANED
AND
LIGHT BUFF

**RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

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THE SICILIAN INVASION
Began At Night 9-10 July 1943


Operation Husky called for amphibious, airborne and land force assault by two armies, one landing on the south eastern and one on the central southern coast. Supported by naval gunfire, tactical bombing, interdiction and close air support by the combined air forces, the operation required a  complex command structure, incorporating land, naval and air forces. General Dwight D. Eisenhower was Commander-in-Chief of Allied Forces, British General Sir Harold Alexander was his second in command and as the Land Forces-Army Group commander.

Land Forces


The Allied land forces were from the American, British and Canadian armies, and were structured as two task forces. The Eastern Task 545 and led by General Bernard Montgomery, consisted of the British Eighth Army (with 1st Canadian Infantry Division). The Western Task Force Force 343 commanded by Lieutenant General George S. Patton consisted of the Seventh United States Army.

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HERE ROCK IS RESTORING HANDS

**RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

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Airborne Landings

Two British and two American attacks by airborne forces were carried out just after midnight on the night of the 9 July-10 July, as part of the invasion. The American 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division, led by Colonel Gavin and the British 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions, preceded by the 21st Independent Parachute Company (Pathfinders) who marked landing zones for paratroopers intending to seize the the bridge over the River Anape [Ponte Grande] just south of Syracuse and hold it until the British 5th Infantry Division arrived from the beaches at Cassibile while the British Glider infantry from the 1st Air Landing Brigade were to seize landing zones inland. But Strong winds blew the troop-carrying aircraft off course and the U.S. force was scattered widely over south-east Sicily between Gela and Syracuse. Half the US paratroopers failed to reach their rallying points; of the 147 British gliders,  only 12 landed on target and 69 crashed at sea. Though a platoon of the South Staffordshire Regiment landed on target and captured Ponte Grande and fought off counterattacks with some reinforcement by wayward troopers, they were forced to surrender to Italian Colonel Francesco Ronco's 75th Infantry Regiment only 45 minutes before the leading elements of 5th Infantry Division arrived from the south.


Though some German/Italian aircraft sank a few minesweepers, several warships including the destroyer USS Maddox (DD-622), a hospital ship, and some landing craft,  the preparatory bombing of the previous weeks had greatly weakened the Axis air capability. Allied aircraft, operating from Malta, Gozo and Pantelleria, kept most of the Axis attempts at air attack to a minimum. By the evening of 10 July seven Allied assault divisions were established ashore and the port of Syracuse was captured .


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THIS IS A SCREW DOWN CASE
ONLY THE BEST POCKETS HAS SCREW DOWN CASES

CASE IS SCREW DOWN
TOP AND BOTTOM
SERRATED EDGES
FOR
EASIER REMOVAL
GT/SP
066455

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COST IN LIVES


The Sicily campaign had cost the Allies nearly 25,000 casualties. The U.S. 7th Army lost 8,781 men (2,237 killed or missing, 5,946 wounded, and 598 captured) while the British 8th Army suffered 11,843 casualties (2,062 killed or missing, 7,137 wounded and 2,644 captured). In addition, the U.S. Navy lost 546 killed or missing and 484 wounded and the Royal Navy lost 314 killed or missing, 411 wounded and 4 captured. The USAAF also reported 28 killed, 88 missing and 41 wounded. Canadian forces had suffered 2,310 casualties, including 562 killed, 1,664 wounded, and 84 captured.

According to historians Samuel W. Mitcham and Friedrich Von Stauffenberg, German units lost about 20,000 killed, wounded or captured, although military historian Manfred Messerschmidt [et al.] report that the German forces lost 4,678 men killed, 5,532 captured and 13,500 wounded, making up a total of 23,710 German casualties. Italian military     losses are reported to be 4,325 killed, 32,500 wounded and 116,681 captured and authors widely concur with the number of Italians believed to be taken prisoner to be around  100,000. In 2007, Mitcham and Von Stauffenberg raised this estimate to 147,000. An earlier Canadian study of the Allied invasion, estimated the total number of Italian and Germans prisoners taken prisoner in Sicily to be around 100,000

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GSTP / BROADARROW

BROAD ARROW

A broad arrow or pheon is a type of arrow with a typically flat barbed head. It is a symbol used traditionally in heraldry, most notably in England, and later the United Kingdom to mark government property.

The Office of Ordnance was created by Henry VIII in 1544. It dates back to the position of Master of Ordnance, one of whom, Nicholas Merbury, was present at the Battle of Agincourt. The Office became the Board of Ordnance in 1597, its principal duties being to supply guns, ammunition, stores and equipment to the King's Navy. The headquarters and main arsenal of the Office were in the White Tower of the Tower of London. The broad arrow mark has been used over the years by the Office and Board to signify at first objects purchased from the monarch's money and later to indicate government property. With the demise of the Board in 1855, the War Department and today's Ministry of Defense continued to use the mark. The arrow also appears in the Ordnance Survey logo.

The broad arrow frequently appeared on military boxes and equipment such as canteens, bayonets and rifles, as well as the British prison uniform from the 1870s, and even earlier, that of transportees in British penal colonies such as Australia The broad arrow marks were also used by Commonwealth countries on their ordnance.

The broad arrow was used by the British to mark trees intended for ship building use in North America during colonial times. Three axe strikes resembling an arrowhead and shaft, were marked on large mast-grade trees.

It is currently a criminal offence in the United Kingdom to reproduce the broad arrow without authority

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CASE IS SCREW DOWN
TOP AND BOTTOM
SERRATED EDGES
FOR
EASIER REMOVAL
GT/SP
066455

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BRITISH PATTERNS Vs GSTP

GSTP-VS-PATTERN.jpg (63690 bytes)

 

 

 

FOR MUCH OF HER HISTORY, THE BRITISH WAR DEPARTMENT SUPPLIED PRECISE DETAILS ON ALL FACETS OF THEIR TIMES PIECES. THEY TESTED THEM AND THEY WERE THEN ASSIGNED A USE NUMBER AND PATTERN. IN FACT, AS THE FOLLOWING DEMONSTRATES, THEY WERE STRAIGHT UP:

ALL WATCHES WERE GOVERNED BY SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS. FROM MOVEMENTS TO CASES TO DIALS, WATCHES SPECIFICATIONS WERE PROVIDED AND A "PATTERN" ASSIGNED. SO, A PATTERN WAS IN FACT REQUIRED.

BUT, IN 1938, WITH WAR BEATING ON THE DOOR, THE BRITISH, WHO NORMALLY WOULD HAVE REQUIRED TESTING AND ASSIGNED PATTERNS TO THE DIFFERENT WATCHES, SIMPLY MADE A CALL ON WATCH MANUFACTURERS AND PROVIDED BASIC REQUIREMENTS AND THEN STAMPED THE THOUSANDS OF TIMERS AND POCKET WATCHES WITH AN ABBREVIATION OF THE WORDS,   GOVERNMENT SERVICE TEMPORARY PATTERN: GTSP G.T.S.P. GT/SP

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NOTICE THE BRITISH APPROVAL STAMP
WITH BROAD ARROW LEFT OF CASE

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15 JEWEL
NEW BALANCE COMPLETE
NEW MAINSPRING
SERVICED & LUBED

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THIS PHOTO IS A BRITISH OFFICIAL PHOTO

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INFORMATION PLACED AND PICTURE DEVELOPED 1943

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ORIGINAL WRITING/STAMPING

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ORIGINAL STAMPING AUGUST 16 1943

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BRITISH
ITALIAN SOUVENIR
1945
HANDLE HAS ENGRAVING
ALSO MONTY & 8TH ARMY

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THERE IS SMALL ORIGINAL GRAVINGS
ALL ABOUT THE HANDLE

 

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DATED 1945 & NAPLES

 

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NOTE MONTY 8TH

 

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EVEN ON THE SIDES OF HANDLE

 

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LETTERS ARE ENGRAVED
YOU CAN SEE THEM BUT I CANNOT SAY WHAT THEY REPRESENT
SOMETHING SURELY MILITARY

 

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U CAN SEE THE LETTERS

 

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CONDITION
- EXCELLENT- 
WATCH WINDS SETS & KEEPS TIME
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