|Date/Report Number ..060113.FN21HY.04 Item: WWII RARE LARGE ENICAR PITTFIELD WRIST WATCH|
|Description of item: VINTAGE 1938 - 1940 WWII RARE LARGE ENICAR PITTFIELD WRIST WATCH SIZE IS
34.5 x 42 W/O CROWN WITH 29.0 mm AS 1130 Wehrmachtswerk (army movement) SUB-SECONDS
REGISTER WITH HAND MADE EXPENSIVE PIG LEATHER DESIGNED 19MM X 16 MM STRAP
.Estimated Retail Replacement Value $995.00
|Reports are supplied at the request of the customer and it is for the customer's exclusive use. Reports express an opinion of the time of the examination of the jewelry. This report is for customers use only for the following two purposes, indicating estimated retail replacement value to obtain insurance coverage, or for the purpose of providing geological information. goldsmith Works does not guarantee that the appraisal valuation will result in a sale at the price. Estimated retail replacement value is arrived after analyses of what the approximate high retail cash asking price is for labor, materials, and design. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction or warranty with regards to any item described in the report, since jewelry grading is not an exact science, this report represent the best opinion of the company. GoldSmith Works is in no case responsible for differences that occur by repeated grading by other experts in the field and/or use of other standards, norms, methods or criteria other than those used by GoldSmith Works. GoldSmith Works is expressly held harmless by customers including, but with out limitation for any claims or actions that may arise out of negligence in connection with the preparation of this laboratory report, or actions based upon the customer's use of the report. The information on the carat weight, clarity grade, color grade on the report is approximate due to the limitations in jewelry grading. The item was tested, graded, and examined under 10x magnification using the techniques and equipment available to GoldSmith Works, including fully corrected triplet loupe, binocular microscope, master color comparison guides, diamond color comparison tools, electronic carat balance, non-contact optical measuring device, and ancillary instruments necessary at the time of Exam|
1938 - 1940
34.5 x 42
HAND MADE EXPENSIVE
19MM X 16 MM
The Enicar Watch Company was founded 1913 in La
Chaux de Fonds Switzerland when Artiste Racine (Jules Racine, Racine Watch Co,
Gallet, Excelsior Park) spelled his name backwards and created Enicar; a brand
once recognized for its high quality.
Racine was among the first to use Radium in 1914 as a way to make his watch hands and dials readable in the dark.
From the mid 20's Enicar began to focus on the production of both precise and robust military watches, which were soon recognized under the name "sport".
In the mid-forties Enicar developed its first chronograph models.
In the sixties and seventies Enicar developed their firth automatic movements.
Enicar's new factory, opened around 1922, in Longeau
ENICAR S.A. registers the following trademarks: Enicar, Longeau, Etsira, Savillon, Pittfield and Alprosa.
On October 1, 1913 Ariste Racine (1889 - 1958) and his wife Emma Blatt started a 'Manufacture d'Horlogerie' (brand name 'AR') in the Rue du Cr√∆√¬™t 24 in La Chaux-de-Fonds** (Jura Mountains, Canton Neuch√∆√¬Ętel, Switzerland). AR employed 1 watch maker and two external technicians. Ariste's father was a well-known architect and his great grandfather a well-known watch face painter/designer. More members of the Racine family and in-laws in Switzerland and the USA were active in the watch industry . The economic situation in Switzerland during the W.W. I is hard. There are many bankruptcies and export is hampering. As the name 'Racine' was already a registered trademark since 1870 (by Jules Racine Sr.), they used the anagram of the family name. Ariste Racine registered his factory and the brand name 'ENICAR' on January 6, 1914.Although that brand name is used as his telegram address, only. In his first ad (see above) in November 1914 "Horlogerie Ariste Racine" is the common name. Ariste and Emma used the sun lounge of their home as their factory. They produced a great variety of lever watches with movements ranging from 4 - 17 Lignes*.
One of their first exceptional products was a pocket watch with the possibility to integrate a compass or picture behind a second and smaller door . He registered 5 models of this design officially on February 3, 1915.
La-Chaux-de-Fonds (aka 'Watch Valley') is a famous watchmaker's center for centuries. Many companies, like Girard-Perregaux, Rolex, Omega, TAG-Heuer, Breitling, Invicta, Gallet, etc. started their life and some are still located in this town. It is also the birth place of e.g. Charles-Edouard Jeanneret (1887-1965), better known as Le Corbusier, the famous architect. His family was involved in the watch industry as well. And of Louis-Joseph Chevrolet (1878-1941), who emigrated to the USA and started (with two others) the Chevrolet Motor Car Company; in 1915 he sold his shares to William Durant, the founder of General Motors.
Ariste Racine advertising Military Watches
Despite worldwide political problems Racine's production in 1914 increased due to the successful export to Russia and because of their first important customer, the Japanese merchant Tenshodo-san. Tenshodo founded his business in 1879 in Tokyo; he imported Swiss watches since 1889; in 1913 he was already the sole agent for Narudan, Tissot and Zenith watches.
Racine opened in 1914 a radium lab as well. Radium was used on the hands of the (alarm) clocks and watches, making them readable in the dark. Soon their home became too small as business was booming. La Chaux-de-Fonds was the center of Swiss watch makers, resulting in a shortage of good and free technicians. Racine rented a part of the house of his mother in Longeau/Lengnau (northeast of Biel, Canton Bern) in 1916. He named that branch of their business 'Longeau Watch Co.'
Despite the W.W. I and frequent strike actions in Switzerland sales are flourishing. In 1918 Ariste and his wife Emma bought his mother's house and land next to it; Longeau became the official seat of the new company. Oskar Racine, Ariste Racine's brother, is joining the company - still named Longeau Watch Co. - in that same year. Oscar's own business - a shaft factory in Biel - was closed in May 1930. From 1920 the company started to make its own movements. Until then they used mainly movements of Adolphe Schild (AS).
On April 11, 1932 the company becomes ENICAR Soci√∆√¬©t√∆√¬© Anonyme (equiv. to Ltd.), with a nominal capital of 50,000 Swiss Francs. In January 1931 the branch at the Plainpalais in Geneva is closed. In 1934, after securing Military Contracts with the Germans for Longeau Watches, Ariste Racine Jr., son of Ariste and Emma, enters the company and as by October 30, 1939, becomes general director
12 3 9 BLACK OUTLINED
ILLUMINATED NUMERALS & HANDS
LIKE IT WAS WHEN FIRST ISSUED
34.5 MM!!! X 42 MM
A 29 MM MOVEMENT
A ONE OF A KIND
MAN ROCK ROCKED THIS ONE
OUT OF THE BALL PARK!
COMPLETE WITH DEPLOYMENT
SWEET AND LARGE FOR IT'S/'S ERA
THE 1130 ALONE IS 29MM!
NOTE THE 24HR TIME
THE ILLUMINATED 9 12 3
THE BLACK STEEL ILLUMINATED HANDS
THE CASE IS RESTORED
AN EXTREMELY DIFFICULT
CASE CAME OUT NICE
THESE WIRE LUGS ARE FACTORY
INVESTED IN THIS BEAUTY FOR THE MOERIS
BUT IT LOOKS SO COOL ON THIS ENICAR
PLUS THAT STICKY GLUE
10 X AS STRONG AS OLD FASHION
STRAIGHT THROUGH FOLD-OVERS
THIS IS A NEW STRAP
MADE BY HAND
THE DESIGN IS A COPY OF 1935-1945
19MM AT WIRE LUG
TAPERS TO 16
STAINLESS SCREW DOWN CASE BACK
ONLY THE BEST
WANT A DIFFERENT STRAP
CONTACT BEFORE INVESTING
LUME IS NEW
34.5 X 42
THAT POWER HOUSE OF
FILE SAND BUFF CLEAN
AN AWESOME DIAL
9 12 3 ILLUMINATED
SUB SECONDS REGISTER
ROCK RESTORED 12 WATCHES
THE CASE TOOK 3 HOURS
TO FILES SAND BUFF CLEAN AND PLATE
13''', Dm= 29.0mm, Do= 29.4mm
f = 18000 A/h
power reserve 41h
SOME OTHER BASE 1130 GERMAN ARMY MOVEMENTS
Many WWII German Issued Watches contained the AS1130 movement. Due to its early exclusive use by the German Army. The 1130 became known as the "wehrmachtswerk" ; wehrmachtswerk translates as "wehrmacht movement" --ie."according to military spec".