1175 Buford Highway. Suite 120
Suwanee, Georgia. 30024
www.goldsmithworks.com
770.831.1257 - 1.800.438.6894

Date/Report Number …..032613.FN698HY.04 Item:  1942-17-JEWEL-WALTHAM-ORD- DEPT-MILITARY-WATCH
IMG_6927.JPG (105342 bytes)

Description of item: VINTAGE CROTON COMPENSAMATIC MILITARY WATCH

.Estimated Retail Replacement Value $579.00


Reports are supplied at the request of the customer and it is for the customer's exclusive use. Reports express an opinion of the time of the examination of the jewelry. This report is for customers use only for the following two purposes, indicating estimated retail replacement value to obtain insurance coverage, or for the purpose of providing geological information. goldsmith Works does not guarantee that the appraisal valuation will result in a sale at the price. Estimated retail replacement value is arrived after analyses of what the approximate high retail cash asking price is for labor, materials, and design. These prices may be substantially higher than actual transaction or warranty with regards to any item described in the report, since jewelry grading is not an exact science, this  report represent the best opinion of the company. GoldSmith Works is in no case responsible for differences that occur by repeated grading by other experts in the field and/or use of other standards, norms, methods or criteria other than those used by GoldSmith Works. GoldSmith Works is expressly held harmless by customers including, but with out limitation for any claims or actions that may arise out of negligence in connection with the preparation of this laboratory report, or actions based upon the customer's use of the report. The information on the carat weight, clarity grade, color grade on the report is approximate due to the limitations in jewelry grading. The item was tested, graded, and examined under 10x magnification using the techniques and equipment available to GoldSmith Works, including fully corrected triplet loupe, binocular microscope, master color comparison guides, diamond color comparison tools, electronic carat balance, non-contact optical measuring device, and ancillary instruments necessary at the time of Exam

 

 

IMG_6927.JPG (105342 bytes)

READY TO WEAR
Restored & Overhauled
ALL STAINLESS STEEL

[THE FIRST HISTORICAL COMPENSAMATIC]

NEAR MINT CONDITION
1941
CROTON
COMPENSAMATIC
MILITARY WATCH
SINGLE CASE
HAT CRYSTAL
4 SCREW PULL DOWN

1941-CROTON-COMPENSAMATIC-COMPENSATING-MILITARY-RADIUM-WATCH

29.8  X  33
W/O CROWN

WITH

GENUINE
1943
WIRE LUG STRAP
IN
BROWN LEATHER
RESTORED
TO
MAGNIFICENT CONDITION

****************************************

AAAAA1958-N2.jpg (41613 bytes)

 

IN 1938 THE BRITISH NOTIFIED THE SWISS WATCH INDUSTRY THAT THEY WERE BUYING WRIST WATCHES; THAT NO TESTING WAS NECESSARY. THEY HAD A SIMPLE FACT SHEET. A COMPANIES ONLY REQUIREMENT WERE PRETTY SIMPLE, SUCH AS 15 JEWELS, WATER PROOF,  AND A FEW OTHER SIMPLE CRITERIA. CROTON WANTED TO PARTICIPATE.

CROTON DECIDED TO BUILD A COMPLETELY SEALED   SINGLE CASE SYSTEM WRIST WATCH AS A CANDIDATE FOR MILITARY USE. THE PROBLEM THAT CROTON FACED WAS THE WYLER COMPANY.

WYLER HELD PATENTS ON THE BEST WATER PROOF CASE DESIGN. THEIR WYLER SINGLE CASED, CRYSTAL SEALED,   TWO PART STEM CASE SYSTEM WAS THE BEST IN THE WORLD. BETTER THEN ROLEX. IN FACT, THEIR CASE SYSTEM WOULD DOMINATE THE WORLD UNTIL THE END OF THE MECHANICAL WATCH ERA IN THE LATE 1970'S.

CROTON WENT TO WORK DEVISING AND DESIGNING A CASING SYSTEM THAT WOULD COMPETE WITH WYLER AND MOST OF THE STEEL SCREW BACK DESIGNS.

CROTON CHOSE A SINGLE STEEL CASE IN WHICH THE MOVEMENT WAS FIT.

THEY THEN SEALED THE MOVEMENT BY PLACING A   RUBBER SEAL ON THE CASE TOP LEDGES, AND OVER THE SEAL, A "TOP HAT" CRYSTAL. THEY THEN INCORPORATED THE WYLER TWO PIECE STEM SYSTEM.

THEN TO KEEP IT UNIQUE, THEY BUILT A STEEL BEZEL[ WITH LUGS] THAT FIT OVER THE CRYSTAL AND THE CASE.

THEY THEN DRILLED AND THREADED EACH LUG, WHERE THEY UTILIZED HEADLESS SCREWS TO PUSH THE CASE UP AND INTO THE BEZEL.

THE PRESSURE WOULD COMPRESS THE SEAL BETWEEN THE CASE AND THE BEZEL.

THEY THEN ADDED A  "COMPENSATING" MOVEMENT AND  CALLED THEIR "TECHNOLOGY"  "COMPENSAMATIC".

"COMPENSAMATIC" WAS NOT A  THING, AN ACT OR A SYSTEM, OR EVEN A TECHNOLOGY, IT WAS A WORD: A TRADE MARK THAT REPRESENTED THE "TECHNOLOGY" THAT WAS "CROTON"/"NIVADA".

CROTON NEVER ACHIEVED GREAT SUCCESS SELLING MILITARIES WATCHES AS COMPARED TO BULOVA, PHENIX, OMEGA AND HUNDREDS OF OTHERS. BUT SOON THE NAMES  "CROTON" + "NIVADA" WOULD DOMINATE A NEW MARKET. THAT OF THE SCIENTIFIC AND DIVING WORLD.

NIVADA AND CROTON WOULD BE AS  ONE AND   COMPENSAMATIC WOULD BE TRADEMARKED IN THE USA IN 1956 BY NIVADA.

COMPENSAMATIC WOULD BECOME KNOW WORLD OVER AS NIVADA AND CROTON BUILT SOME OF THE MOST ADVANCED WATCHES IN THE WORLD.

CROTON/NIVADA CHRONOGRAPHS, DIVE WATCHES, AND THE FAMOUS ANTARCTIC WATCHES HELPED MAKE THE WORD COMPENSAMATIC FAMOUS.

AA-1958-N2.jpg (49237 bytes)

 

Nivada/Croton

1926: Nivada was created in 1926 in Granges (Grenchen) by Jacob Schneider.eider as Wüllimann, Schneider, Nivada.

1930's Nivada was one of the first companies to manufacture automatic bumper watches and rustless steel watches [stainless steel]

1940: Launching the brand Croton for the U.S. market.Watches signed Nivada, Croton or carrying the double signature Croton and Nivada Grenchen were in all reality, the same and high quality.

1940's/1950's Nivada/Croton produced some of the most advanced cases and case styles.

1955, In the mid fifties Nivada picked up on an Antarctic rage developed from the International Geophysical Year and a subsequent Exploration Campaign of the South Pole by developing an awesome extreme condition waterproof compensamatic automatic watch called The Antarctic.  And, like Bulova would do later during the space age, Nivada gave an Antarctic Watch to each member and crew of the  American Navy who participated in the US Deep Freeze 1 Expedition in 1955-1956.

The Antarctic Watch was built to resist extreme conditions. The watches worn by the US Navy personal and others who participated in the exploration were exposed to every extreme one could imagine. From 30 plus below to hot temperatures, from dry conditions to wet, yet non failed. This fact would propel the Nivada Antarctic and many other styles and types to the top of the market..

 

RESEARCH SHOWS THAT ON May 15, 1956, a U.S.  A Gederal trademark registration was filed for COMPENSAMATIC by NIVADA S. A., GRENCHEN , . The USPTO has given the COMPENSAMATIC trademark serial number of 72008349.

1960's Nivada/Croton becomes leading innovator in the field of extreme condition Chronographs, Chronometers and Water Proof Dive.

1976: Jacob Schneider son Max Schneider was at the head of the company and would celebrate Nivada' 50th anniversary. The quartz watch would be the end of most mechanical watch companies. In the late 1970's, Nivada/Croton was sold. And, by the late 2000s, Nivada was sold again, this time to Omega SA -where it remains today

 

IMG_6927.JPG (105342 bytes)

THIS VINTAGE CROTON IS ONE OF THE FIRST, IF NOT THEE FIRST SINGLE CASED CROTON COMPENSAMATIC


ALL STAINLESS STEEL

SIGNED
CROTON

DIAL IS
CREME WHITE
WITH
SILVER SECONDS CHAPTER
WITH
BLACK HASHES
AND
NUMBERS SECONDS EVERY 5 SECONDS


IMG_6940.JPG (154391 bytes)

THE CASE IS SIGNED
12-25-[19]41

THE CASE BACK
IS IN FACT
THE MAIN CASE
THE BLACK AREAS
ARE NOT BLACK
RATHER
THEY ARE WHERE
THE STEEL
THE STEEL CASE FITS
INTO THE BEZEL
SEE THE 4 SCREWS?
THEY PUSH THE CASE
INTO THE BEZEL

IMG_6900.JPG (85793 bytes)

FOUR HEADLESS SCREWS LOCK DOWNS

IMG_6933.JPG (120261 bytes)

1941
CROTON
HAS BLACK OUTLINED NUMERALS
WITH
RAISED ILLUMINATION CENTERS
WITH
RED
24 HOUR
MILITARY TIME

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-Luminov

IMG_6934.JPG (118532 bytes)

EVEN THOUGH THE DIAL IS FABULOUS
AND
EXTREMELY RARE
IT IS
THE 1941 LEAF HANDS
THAT ARE ASTOUNDING
ONLY FOUND IN THE FINEST
WATCHES OF THE TIME!

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-Luminov

IMG_6917.JPG (124675 bytes)

THIS
1942
CROTON
COMPENSAMATIC
HAS A STUNNING CASE
THOUGH THERE IS SOME PITTING
WHERE THE BEZEL
MEETS THE CASE
ON THE BACK
WAS EVIDENT
EVERY THING ELSE WAS SIMPLY STUNNING

 

IMG_6938.JPG (90000 bytes)

DO NOT TAKE MY WORD LOOK AT IT

IMG_6939.JPG (89526 bytes)

WHAT A COLLECTIBLE

IMG_6933.JPG (120261 bytes)

WE KEPT THE 1943
WIRE LUG STRAP
IT IS STAMPED
1943
SIZE 16

 

IMG_6916.JPG (109327 bytes)

FINISH HAS COME OUT GREAT
ROCK PERFORMS MAGIC
WITH LEATHER
THIS STRAP LOOKED LIKE
IS WAS MADE IN 1943!


IMG_6930.JPG (176169 bytes)

THE HARDWARE IS CHROME PLATED BRASS
THE BUCKLE WAS THE SAME
THE CHROME WORE OFF THE BUCKLE
AND SOME OF IT WORE OFF THE STRAP END FOLDOVERS


IMG_6929.JPG (98416 bytes)

THE STRAP IS SIGNED 1943
THE OTHER END 16

IMG_6921.JPG (130888 bytes)

EXCELLENT SHAPE


IMG_6922.JPG (88547 bytes)

FANTASTIC

IMG_6919.JPG (118377 bytes)

SIGNED
1943
THE BUCKLE WAS ONCE
CHROMED
THE METAL IN THE KEEPERS
IS A REPAIR BY ROCK


IMG_6920.JPG (104996 bytes)

THE STRAP TONGUE
IS SIGNED 16

IMG_6912.JPG (136734 bytes)

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA

HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT



IMG_6821.JPG (167613 bytes)

SIGNED
CROTON
WITH
SWISS
PATENT

IMG_6820.JPG (143529 bytes)

CASE WITH OUT MOVEMENT


IMG_6894.JPG (127984 bytes)

HERE THE MOVEMENT
WITH DIAL
IS IN THE
CASE

RE-ILLUMINATED
WITH
AF-Luminova

IMG_6893.JPG (127242 bytes)

NEW ORIGINAL HAT CRYSTALS

IMG_6895.JPG (125310 bytes)

ABOVE IS THE SINGLE CASE
READY FOR CROWN AND BEZEL


IMG_6824.JPG (168338 bytes)

COMPENSATING
NON MAGNETIC
CROTON
WATCH Co INC
NINE JEWELS
412
T3N
UNADJUSTED
SWISS

Features
manual wind
hack sweep second

Data
9 jewels
21,600 bph
power reserve 30hr

[note on vintage watches actual reserve may vary]

WIRE LUGS

THIS
15 JEWEL
1940 P103
WITH A
SUB-SECOND REGISTER WAS
FACTORY ALTERED
FOR A SWEEP SECOND HAND

 

*****************************
CONDITION WATCH:
EXCELLENT  -  RUNS EXCELLENT 
*****************************


WITH YOUR INVESTMENT YOU RECEIVE:

A ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY ON WATCH AND TIMER

693.00 PROFESSIONAL INSURANCE **APPRAISAL
NOTE: THIS IS A RESTORED TIME PIECE

**